Mauritius (i/məˈrɪʃəs/; French:Maurice), officially the Republic of Mauritius (French:République de Maurice), is an island nation in the Indian Ocean about 2,000 kilometres (1,200mi) off the southeast coast of the African continent. The country includes the island of Mauritius, Rodrigues (560 kilometres (350mi) east), and the outer islands (Agaléga, St. Brandon and two disputed territories). The islands of Mauritius and Rodrigues (172km (107mi) southwest) form part of the Mascarene Islands, along with nearby Réunion, a French overseas department. The area of the country is 2,040km2. The capital and largest city is Port Louis.
The island of Mauritius was visited during the medieval period by the Arabs and then by the Portuguese, who named it Dina Arobi and Cirne, respectively. The island was uninhabited until the Dutch Republic established a colony in 1638, with the Dutch naming the island after Prince Maurice van Nassau. The Dutch colony was abandoned in 1710, and, five years later, the island became a French colony and was named Isle de France. Due to its strategic position, Mauritius was known as the "star and key" of the Indian Ocean.
Maurice is a traditionally masculine given name. It originates as a French name derived from the Latin Mauritius or Mauricius and was subsequently used in other languages.
Its popularity is due to Mauritius, a saint of the Theban Legion (died 287).
Mauritius is otherwise attested as a given name of the Roman Empire period, in origin meaning "one from Mauritania", i.e. "the Moor".
Letter Of supercargo WILLEM JANSZ(OON) to the Managers of the Amsterdam
Chamber, October 6, 1618.
Worshipful Wise Provident Discreet Gentlemen,
(Sailed 1000 miles to eastward in in 38 degrees with notable success.)
The present serves only to inform you that on the 8th of June last with the ship Mauritius we passed Cape de bon esperence, with strong westerly winds, so that we deemed it inadvisable to call at any land, after which we ran a thousand miles to eastward in 38 degrees Southern Latitude, though we should have wished to go still further east.
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Section 49(3) of FEMA provided a sunset period of two years from June 1, 2000 to May 31, 2002 for an adjudicating officer to take notice of any contravention under Section 51 of FERA... FGSB, Sharma and Mehra challenged the authority of Bal, the enforcement officer, before the Bombay High Court.
SIF’s team, comprising science officer Corianna Julie and senior project ... The two officers who had boarded the research vessel in Mauritius spent 18 days on board, five of which were spent carrying out the study using the ROV at a depth of 700 metres, the lowest they had done.